Physics - Class XII Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

1. Oscillations

Description: Explanation of periodic motion and oscillatory motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

Link: Video on Oscillation

2. Oscillations

Description: Description on motion of simple oscillating system(displacement, velocity and acceleration); Relation between simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

Link: Simulation on oscillations

3. Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion

Description: Explanation of energy in simple harmonic motion: Block- spring system.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

Link: Simulation on simple harmonic motion: Mass on a spring

4. Motion of a simple pendulum

Description: Experimentation  on simple pendulum to determine the oscillations.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

Link: Simulation on simple pendulum

5. Forced oscillation and resonance

Description: Explanation of concept of resonance through experimentation.

Core Concepts: Newtonian mechanics: Oscillations.

Link: Video on BOSS model of building resonance

6. Falling body

Description: Explanation on motion of bodies falling in a uniform gravitational field with fluid resistance.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

Link: Video on terminal velocity

7. Surface tension

Description:  Explanation of surface tension.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

Link: Website on cohesion and adhesion in liquids

8. Viscosity of fluids

Description: This video contains experiment to measure the viscosity of different fluids.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

Link: Video on measuring viscosity

9. Bernoulli’s Principle

Description: Verification of Bernoulli’s principle through simulation.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

Link: Simulation on fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation

10. Gas laws

Description: Explanation of Boyle’s law and Charles’ law.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

Link: Simulation on gas law

11. Ideal Gas

Description: Explains the difference between real gas and ideal gas.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

Link: Website on difference between real gas and ideal gas

12. Pressure of an ideal gas

Description: Derivation of kinetic gas equation.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Kinetic theory of an ideal gas.

Link: Video on kinetic molecular theory of gases

13. Coulomb’s law

Description: Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

LinkVideo on Coulomb’s law; formula & explanation

14. Coulomb’s law

Description: Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

Link: Simulation on Coulomb's law

15. Electric field

Description: Explanation on interaction between the two types of charges; Properties of electric field lines.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

Link: Simulation on charges and fields

16. Electric flux

Description: Explanation of concept of electric flux.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

Link: Video on electric flux

17. Charged particle Moving in a Uniform electric field

Description: Explanation on factors affecting the path of a charged particle moving in a uniform electric field.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

Link: Simulation on charged particle in an electric field

18. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation of construction and working of capacitors.

Core Concepts: Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

Links:

19. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on working  of capacitor.

Core Concepts: Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

Link: Simulation on capacitor

20. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation and derivations on combination of capacitors.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

Link: Video on combination of capacitors

21. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on combination of capacitors and its applications in every day life.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

Link: Video on capacitors in series & parallel

22. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on combination of capacitors using simulation.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

Link: Simulation on combination of capacitors

23. Electromagnetic induction

Description: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction and Lenz’s law simulation.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: The experiment of Faraday and Henry.

Link: Simulation on Faraday's electromagnetic lab

24. Magnetic flux

Description: Definition and expression of magnetic flux.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

Link: Video on magnetic flux

25. Magnetic circuit

Description: Explanation of terminologies used in magnetic circuit.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

Link: Video on important terms in magnetic circuit

26. AC generator

Description: Explanation on working off an AC generator through animated video. 

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: AC Generator.

Link: Video on AC generator || 3D animation video || 3D video

27. Inductance and transformer

Description: Explanation of inductance, self inductance, mutual inductance, coefficient of self inductance and mutual inductance, transformer and transformer ratio.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

Link: Video on electromagnetic induction

28. Working of a transformer

Description: Working of a transformer; Types of transformer: Step-up and step-down transformer.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

Link: Simulation of transformer

29. Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors

Description: Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Link: Website on difference between conductor, semiconductor and insulator

30. Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors

Description: Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Link: Video on what is insulator, conductor & semiconductor

31. Superconductor

Description: Explanation on  superconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Link: Video on what is superconductor?

32. Applications of superconductor

Description: Explanation on the applications of superconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Link: Video on application of superconductors

33. Semiconductors

Description: Semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

Link: Video on what are semiconductors? Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors

34. Semiconductors

Description: Explanation on types of semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors; Applications of semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

Link: Video on types of semiconductors

35. Semiconductors

Description:  Explanation on semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors; Applications of semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

Links:

36. Kirchhoff’s law

Description: Explanation of Kirchhoff’s junction rule.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

Link: Video on Kirchhoff's current law (KCL)

37. Kirchhoff’s law

Description: Explanation of Kirchhoff’s loop rule.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

Link: Video on Kirchhoff’s voltage law (KVL) 

38. Potential divider

Description: Explanation of potential divider and its applications.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits. 

Link: Video on potential divider circuits

39. Circuit construction kit

Description: This simulation link contains circuit construction kit to verify Kirchhoff’s rule and construct potential dividers.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

Link: Simulation on circuit construction kit- DC

40. Circuit construction kit

Description: This simulation links contains circuit connection kit to construct an AC circuit to verify the sinusoidal variation of voltage and current in an AC.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

Link: Simulation on circuit construction kit-AC

41. RMS values

Description: Explanation on RMS value and its mathematical expression.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

Link: Video on RMS value

42. Reflection of light by spherical mirrors

Description: Explanation on reflection of light by spherical mirrors and construction of ray diagrams.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

Link: Website on reflection of light

43. Reflection of light by spherical mirrors

Description: Explanation on simulation on formation images by concave and convex mirror.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

Link: Simulation on reflection of light by concave and convex mirrors

44. Concave mirror

Description: Experimentation on calculation of focal length of the concave mirror using u-v method.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

Link: Simulation on calculation of focal length by U-V method for concave mirror

45. Convex mirror

Description: Experimentation on calculation of focal length of the convex mirror using u-v method.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

Link: Simulation on calculation of focal length by U-V method for convex mirror

46. Cartesian sign convention

Description: Explanation on Cartesian sign convention for lenses.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction through spherical surfaces.

Link: Video on cartesian sign convention for lenses

47. Convex and concave lens

Description: Explanation on basic rules for constructing ray diagrams; Image formations by convex and concave lenses

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction by lenses

Link: Video on convex and concave Lenses

48. Lenses

Description: Differences between concave and convex lenses; Real images and virtual images.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction by lenses.

Link: Video on how lenses work

49. Wave front and Huygens’ principle

Description: Explanation on wave front and Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle.

Links:

50. Reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle

Description: Explanation on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

Links:

51. Refraction and reflection Of Plane waves

Description: This simulation explains the concepts on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

Link: Video on reflection and refraction of light waves

52. Wave interference and superposition

Description: Explanation on wave interference and superposition of waves.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Superposition of waves.

Link: Simulation on wave interference and superposition of waves

53. Interference

Description: Explanation on interference of water, sound and light waves; Young’s double slits experiment.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Interference and Young's experiment.

Link: Simulation on wave interference

54. Interference of waves

Description: Description on constructive and destructive interference.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Interference and Young's experiment.

Link: Video on interference of waves

55. Diffraction

Description: Explanation on diffraction of water, sound and light waves through a single slit; diffraction patterns of various colours.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: diffraction.

Link: Simulation on wave interference

56. Diffraction of light waves

Description: Explanation on Diffraction of light waves through a single slit.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: diffraction.

Link: Video on diffraction of lights through a single slit

57. Particle nature of light

Description: Explanation on particle nature of light: The photon.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Particle nature of light.

Link: Video on particle nature of light: The photon

58. Electron emission

Description: Explanation on electron emission.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Electron emission.

Link: Video on electron emission

59. Photoelectric effect

Description: Explanation on photoelectric effect.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric effect.

Links:

60. Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light

Description: Explanation on photoelectric effect and wave theory and Einstein's photoelectric equation.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light.

Link: Video on photoelectric effect and wave theory

61. Photoelectric emission

Description: Explanation on photoelectric emission

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric emission

Links: 

62. de Broglie hypothesis

Description: Explanation on wave nature of matter; de Broglie wave equation; de Broglie wavelength.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

Link: Video on the de Broglie wavelength and wave particle duality

63. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

Description: Explanation on Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; Mathematical expression; Cases.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

Link: Video on the principal of uncertainty

64. The standard model of particle

Description: Explanation on the standard model of particle.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Standard model.

Link: Video on the standard model of particle physics

65. Annihilation

Description: Explanation on annihilation of particles and conservation of energy.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Annihilation.

Link: Video on annihilation

66. Classification of particles

Description: Explanation on the classification of particles.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Classification of particles.

Link: Video on classification of particles

67. Nanotechnology

Description: Concept of nanotechnology; applications of nanotechnology.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

Link: Video on how nanotechnology can change your life

68. Carbon nanotubes

Description: Carbon nanotubes, its property and applications.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

Link: Video on carbon nanotubes

69. Nuclear energy

Description: Nuclear energy; Mass defect and its mathematical expression; Binding energy; Graph of binding energy per nucleon versus mass number.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy: Nuclear energy.

Link: Video on nuclear binding energy

70. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation on nuclear fission.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

Link: Video on nuclear fission

71. Nuclear reactor

Description: Explanation on nuclear reactor.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

Link: Video on nuclear reactor - Understanding how it works

72. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation of nuclear fission.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

Link: Simulation on nuclear fission

73. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation on nuclear fusion; Nuclear fusion reaction.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

Link: Video on fusion energy explained with Hydrogen atom example

74. Thermonuclear fusion

Description: Explanation on CNO cycle; p-p cycle.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

Link: Video on proton cycle & CNO cycle

75. Kepler’s laws

Description: Explanation on Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

Links:

76. Rocket launching technology

Description: Explanation on rocket launching technology.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

Link: Video on rocket launching technology

77. How do satellites work

Description: Explanation on the working satellites.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

Link: Video on how do satellites work?

78. The space environment

Description: Explanation on the space, the space environment, and the major hazards of the space environment

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment

Link: PDF on the space environment

79. Hazards of spacecrafts

Description: Explanation on hazards of spacecrafts

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment

Link: Video on space environment