# Physics - Class XII Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

#### 1. Oscillations

Description: Explanation of periodic motion and oscillatory motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 2. Oscillations

Description: Description on motion of simple oscillating system(displacement, velocity and acceleration); Relation between simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 3. Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion

Description: Explanation of energy in simple harmonic motion: Block- spring system.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 4. Motion of a simple pendulum

Description: Experimentation  on simple pendulum to determine the oscillations.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 5.  Forced Oscillation and Resonance

Description: Explanation of concept of resonance through experimentation.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 6.  Falling Body

Description: Explanation on motion of bodies falling in a uniform gravitational field with fluid resistance.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

#### 7.  Surface Tension

Description:  Explanation and experiment of surface tension.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

#### 8. Viscosity Of Fluids

Description:  Explanation of viscosity of different fluids and comparison of laminar and turbulent flow.

Core Concepts:  Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

#### 9. Bernoulli’s Principle

Description:  Verification of Bernoulli’s principle through simulation.

Core Concepts:  Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

#### 10. Gas Laws

Description:  Explanation of Boyle’s law and Charles’ law.

Core Concepts:  Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

#### 11. Ideal Gas

Description:  Explains the difference between real gas and ideal gas.

Core Concepts:  Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

#### 12.Pressure of an Ideal Gas

Description:  Derivation of kinetic gas equation and applications of speed of molecules

Core Concepts:  Kinetic theory of gases: Kinetic theory of an ideal gas.

#### 13.Coulomb’s Law

Description:  Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts:  Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

#### 14.Coulomb’s Law

Description:  Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts:  Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

#### 15.Electric Field

Description:  Explanation on interaction between the two types of charges: Properties of electric field lines.

Core Concepts:   Electricity: Electric field.

#### 16.Electric Flux

Description:  Explanation of concept of electric flux.

Core Concepts:    Electricity: Electric field.

#### 17. Charged Particle Moving in a uniform Electric Field

Description:  Explanation on factors affecting the path of a charged particle moving in a uniform electric field.

Core Concepts:    Electricity: Electric field.

#### 18. Capacitor and Capacitance

Description:  Explanation of basic properties, construction and working of capacitors.

Core Concepts:   Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

#### 19. Capacitor and Capacitance

Description:  Explanation of basic properties, construction and working of capacitors.

Core Concepts:   Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

#### 20. Capacitor and Capacitance

Description:  Explanation and derivations on combination of capacitors.

Core Concepts:   Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 21. Capacitor and Capacitance

Description:  Explanation on combination of capacitors and its applications in everyday life.

Core Concepts:   Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 22. Capacitor and Capacitance

Description:  Explanation on combination of capacitors using simulation.

Core Concepts:   Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 23.Electromagnetic Induction

Description:  Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction and Lenz’s law simulation.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: The experiment of Faraday and Henry.

#### 24.Magnetic Flux

Description:  Definition and expression of magnetic flux.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

#### 25.Magnetic Circuit

Description: Explanation of terminologies used in magnetic circuits.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

#### 26.Magnetic moment of a bar magnet

Description: Experiment to compare magnetic moments of two bar magnets

Core Concepts:   Magnetic Moments

#### 27.AC Generator

Description: Explanation on working off an AC generator through animated video.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: AC Generator.

#### 28.Inductor and Transformer

Description:  Explanation of inductance, self inductance, mutual inductance, coefficient of self inductance and mutual inductance, transformer and transformer ratio.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

#### 29.Working Of A Transformer

Description:  Working of a transformer; Types of transformer: Step-up and step-down transformer.

Core Concepts:   Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

#### 30.Classification Of Substances Into Conductors, Insulators And Semiconductors

Description:   Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 31.Classification Of Substances Into Conductors, Insulators And Semiconductors

Description:   Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 32.Superconductor

Description:   Explanation on  superconductors.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: Conductivity

#### 33.Semiconductors

Description:  Semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

#### 34.Kirchhoff’s Law

Description:  Explanation of Kirchhoff’s junction rule and loop rule

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 35. Potential Divider

Description:  Explanation of potential divider and its applications.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 36. DC Circuit Construction Kit

Description:  This simulation link contains circuit construction kit to verify Kirchhoff’s rule and construct potential dividers.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 37. AC Circuit Construction Kit

Description:  This simulation link contains a circuit connection kit to construct an AC circuit to verify the sinusoidal variation of voltage and current in an AC.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: AC Circuits.

#### 38. RMS Values

Description:  Explanation on RMS value and its mathematical expression.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: AC Circuits.

#### 39. Electromotive Force

Description:  Determination of emf of a dry cell.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 40. Specific Resistance

Description:  Determination of specific resistance of a given wire.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 41. LCR Circuit

Description:  Explanation of sinusoidal variation of voltage and current in an AC circuit.

Core Concepts:   Electric circuit: AC Circuits.

#### 42. Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors

Description:  Explanation on reflection of light by spherical mirrors and construction of ray diagrams and simulation on formation images by concave and convex mirror.

Core Concepts:   Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 43. Concave and Convex Mirror

Description:   Experimentation on calculation of focal length of the concave, and convex  mirror using u-v method.

Core Concepts:   Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 44. Cartesian Sign Convention

Description:   Explanation on Cartesian sign convention for lenses.

Core Concepts:   Ray optics: Refraction through spherical surfaces.

#### 45. Convex and Concave Lenses

Description:   Explanation on basic rules for constructing ray diagrams; Image formations by convex and concave lenses

Core Concepts:  Ray optics: Refraction by lenses

#### 46. Refractive Index

Description:   Comparison of refractive indices of two liquids

Core Concepts:  Ray optics: Refraction through liquid

#### 47. Wave Front And Huygens’ Principle

Description:   Explanation on wave front and Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle.

#### 48. Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves Using Huygens’ Principle

Description:   Explanation on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

#### 49. Refraction and Reflection Of Plane Waves

Description:  This simulation explains the concepts on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

#### 50. Wave Interference and Superposition

Description:  Explanation on wave interference and superposition of waves.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Superposition of waves.

#### 51. Interference

Description:  Explanation on interference of water, sound and light waves; Young’s double slits experiment.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Interference and Young's double slits experiment.

#### 52. Interference of Waves

Description:  Explanation of constructive and destructive interference.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: Interference and Young's experiment.

#### 53. Diffraction

Description:  Explanation on diffraction of water, sound and light waves through a single slit; diffraction patterns of various colours.

Core Concepts:  Wave optics: diffraction.

#### 54. Particle Nature of Light

Description:  Explanation on particle nature of light: The photon.

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: Particle nature of light

#### 55. Electron Emission

Description:  Explanation on electron emission.

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: Electron emission.

#### 56. Electron Emission

Description:  Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light.

#### 57. Photoelectric Emission

Description:  Explanation on photoelectric emission

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: Photoelectric emission

#### 58. De Broglie Hypothesis

Description:  Explanation on wave nature of matter; de Broglie wave equation; de Broglie wavelength.

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

#### 59. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle

Description:  Explanation on Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; Mathematical expression; Cases.

Core Concepts:  Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

#### 60. The Standard Model of Particle

Description: Explanation on the standard model of particles.

Core Concepts:  Particle physics: Standard model.

#### 61. Annihilation

Description: Explanation on annihilation of particles and conservation of energy.

Core Concepts:   Particle physics: Annihilation.

#### 62. Classification of Particles

Description: Explanation on the classification of particles.

Core Concepts:    Particle physics: Classification of particles.

#### 63. Nanotechnology

Description: Concept of nanotechnology; applications of nanotechnology.

Core Concepts:    Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

#### 64. Carbon Nanotubes

Description: Carbon nanotubes, its property and applications.

Core Concepts:     Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

#### 65. Nuclear Energy

Description: Nuclear energy; Mass defect and its mathematical expression; Binding energy; Graph of binding energy per nucleon versus mass number.

Core Concepts:    Nuclear energy: Nuclear energy.

#### 66. Nuclear Reactor

Description: Explanation on nuclear reactor.

Core Concepts:    Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission

#### 67. Nuclear Fission

Description:  Explanation on nuclear fission.

Core Concepts:    Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 68. Nuclear Fusion

Description:  Explanation on nuclear fusion.

Core Concepts:    Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fusion.

#### 69.Thermonuclear Fusion

Description:  Explanation on CNO cycle; p-p cycle.

Core Concepts:    Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fusion.

#### 70.Kepler’s Laws

Description:  Explanation on Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.

Core Concepts:    Space Science and Technology.

#### 71. Rocket Launching Technology

Description:  Explanation on rocket launching technology.

Core Concepts:    Space Science and Technology.

#### 72. Working of the Satellites

Description:   Explanation on the working of the satellites.

Core Concepts:    Space Science and Technology.

#### 73. Satellite Subsystems and Satellite Tracking or Operation

Description:   Explanation on satellite subsystems

Core Concepts:    Space Science and Technology.

#### 74. The Space Environment

Description:   Explanation on the space, the space environment, and the major hazards of the space environment

Core Concepts:   Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment

#### 75. Hazards of Spacecrafts

Description:    Explanation on hazards of spacecrafts

Core Concepts:   Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment 