# Physics - Class XII Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

#### 1. Oscillations

Description: Explanation of periodic motion and oscillatory motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 2. Oscillations

Description: Description on motion of simple oscillating system(displacement, velocity and acceleration); Relation between simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 3. Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion

Description: Explanation of energy in simple harmonic motion: Block- spring system.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 4. Motion of a simple pendulum

Description: Experimentation  on simple pendulum to determine the oscillations.

Core Concepts: Oscillations.

#### 5. Forced oscillation and resonance

Description: Explanation of concept of resonance through experimentation.

Core Concepts: Newtonian mechanics: Oscillations.

#### 6. Falling body

Description: Explanation on motion of bodies falling in a uniform gravitational field with fluid resistance.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

#### 7. Surface tension

Description:  Explanation of surface tension.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Surface tension.

#### 8. Viscosity of fluids

Description: This video contains experiment to measure the viscosity of different fluids.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

#### 9. Bernoulli’s Principle

Description: Verification of Bernoulli’s principle through simulation.

Core Concepts: Fluid mechanics: Viscosity of fluids.

#### 10. Gas laws

Description: Explanation of Boyle’s law and Charles’ law.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

#### 11. Ideal Gas

Description: Explains the difference between real gas and ideal gas.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Behaviour of gases.

#### 12. Pressure of an ideal gas

Description: Derivation of kinetic gas equation.

Core Concepts: Kinetic theory of gases: Kinetic theory of an ideal gas.

#### 13. Coulomb’s law

Description: Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

#### 14. Coulomb’s law

Description: Derivation and explanation of Coulomb’s law.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Basic properties of electric charge.

#### 15. Electric field

Description: Explanation on interaction between the two types of charges; Properties of electric field lines.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

#### 16. Electric flux

Description: Explanation of concept of electric flux.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

#### 17. Charged particle Moving in a Uniform electric field

Description: Explanation on factors affecting the path of a charged particle moving in a uniform electric field.

Core Concepts: Electricity: Electric field.

#### 18. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation of construction and working of capacitors.

Core Concepts: Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

#### 19. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on working  of capacitor.

Core Concepts: Capacitors: Capacitors and capacitance.

#### 20. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation and derivations on combination of capacitors.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 21. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on combination of capacitors and its applications in every day life.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 22. Capacitor and capacitance

Description: Explanation on combination of capacitors using simulation.

Core Concepts: Capacitors:  Describe combination of capacitors.

#### 23. Electromagnetic induction

Description: Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction and Lenz’s law simulation.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: The experiment of Faraday and Henry.

#### 24. Magnetic flux

Description: Definition and expression of magnetic flux.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

#### 25. Magnetic circuit

Description: Explanation of terminologies used in magnetic circuit.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Magnetic flux.

#### 26. AC generator

Description: Explanation on working off an AC generator through animated video.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: AC Generator.

#### 27. Inductance and transformer

Description: Explanation of inductance, self inductance, mutual inductance, coefficient of self inductance and mutual inductance, transformer and transformer ratio.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

#### 28. Working of a transformer

Description: Working of a transformer; Types of transformer: Step-up and step-down transformer.

Core Concepts: Electromagnetic induction: Inductance.

#### 29. Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors

Description: Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 30. Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors

Description: Explanation on  conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 31. Superconductor

Description: Explanation on  superconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 32. Applications of superconductor

Description: Explanation on the applications of superconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Classification of substances into conductors, insulators and semiconductors.

#### 33. Semiconductors

Description: Semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

#### 34. Semiconductors

Description: Explanation on types of semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors; Applications of semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

#### 35. Semiconductors

Description:  Explanation on semiconductors; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; n-type and p-type semiconductors; Applications of semiconductors.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: Semiconductors.

#### 36. Kirchhoff’s law

Description: Explanation of Kirchhoff’s junction rule.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 37. Kirchhoff’s law

Description: Explanation of Kirchhoff’s loop rule.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 38. Potential divider

Description: Explanation of potential divider and its applications.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 39. Circuit construction kit

Description: This simulation link contains circuit construction kit to verify Kirchhoff’s rule and construct potential dividers.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 40. Circuit construction kit

Description: This simulation links contains circuit connection kit to construct an AC circuit to verify the sinusoidal variation of voltage and current in an AC.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 41. RMS values

Description: Explanation on RMS value and its mathematical expression.

Core Concepts: Electric circuit: DC Circuits.

#### 42. Reflection of light by spherical mirrors

Description: Explanation on reflection of light by spherical mirrors and construction of ray diagrams.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 43. Reflection of light by spherical mirrors

Description: Explanation on simulation on formation images by concave and convex mirror.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 44. Concave mirror

Description: Experimentation on calculation of focal length of the concave mirror using u-v method.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 45. Convex mirror

Description: Experimentation on calculation of focal length of the convex mirror using u-v method.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors.

#### 46. Cartesian sign convention

Description: Explanation on Cartesian sign convention for lenses.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction through spherical surfaces.

#### 47. Convex and concave lens

Description: Explanation on basic rules for constructing ray diagrams; Image formations by convex and concave lenses

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction by lenses

#### 48. Lenses

Description: Differences between concave and convex lenses; Real images and virtual images.

Core Concepts: Ray optics: Refraction by lenses.

#### 49. Wave front and Huygens’ principle

Description: Explanation on wave front and Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle.

#### 50. Reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle

Description: Explanation on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

#### 51. Refraction and reflection Of Plane waves

Description: This simulation explains the concepts on reflection and refraction of plane waves using Huygens’ principle.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle.

#### 52. Wave interference and superposition

Description: Explanation on wave interference and superposition of waves.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Superposition of waves.

#### 53. Interference

Description: Explanation on interference of water, sound and light waves; Young’s double slits experiment.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Interference and Young's experiment.

#### 54. Interference of waves

Description: Description on constructive and destructive interference.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: Interference and Young's experiment.

#### 55. Diffraction

Description: Explanation on diffraction of water, sound and light waves through a single slit; diffraction patterns of various colours.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: diffraction.

#### 56. Diffraction of light waves

Description: Explanation on Diffraction of light waves through a single slit.

Core Concepts: Wave optics: diffraction.

#### 57. Particle nature of light

Description: Explanation on particle nature of light: The photon.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Particle nature of light.

#### 58. Electron emission

Description: Explanation on electron emission.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Electron emission.

#### 59. Photoelectric effect

Description: Explanation on photoelectric effect.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric effect.

#### 60. Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light

Description: Explanation on photoelectric effect and wave theory and Einstein's photoelectric equation.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric effect and wave theory of light.

#### 61. Photoelectric emission

Description: Explanation on photoelectric emission

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: Photoelectric emission

#### 62. de Broglie hypothesis

Description: Explanation on wave nature of matter; de Broglie wave equation; de Broglie wavelength.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

#### 63. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

Description: Explanation on Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; Mathematical expression; Cases.

Core Concepts: Quantum physics: wave nature of matter.

#### 64. The standard model of particle

Description: Explanation on the standard model of particle.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Standard model.

#### 65. Annihilation

Description: Explanation on annihilation of particles and conservation of energy.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Annihilation.

#### 66. Classification of particles

Description: Explanation on the classification of particles.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Classification of particles.

#### 67. Nanotechnology

Description: Concept of nanotechnology; applications of nanotechnology.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

#### 68. Carbon nanotubes

Description: Carbon nanotubes, its property and applications.

Core Concepts: Particle physics: Nanotechnology.

#### 69. Nuclear energy

Description: Nuclear energy; Mass defect and its mathematical expression; Binding energy; Graph of binding energy per nucleon versus mass number.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy: Nuclear energy.

#### 70. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation on nuclear fission.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 71. Nuclear reactor

Description: Explanation on nuclear reactor.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 72. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation of nuclear fission.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 73. Nuclear fission

Description: Explanation on nuclear fusion; Nuclear fusion reaction.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 74. Thermonuclear fusion

Description: Explanation on CNO cycle; p-p cycle.

Core Concepts: Nuclear energy:  Nuclear fission.

#### 75. Kepler’s laws

Description: Explanation on Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

#### 76. Rocket launching technology

Description: Explanation on rocket launching technology.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

#### 77. How do satellites work

Description: Explanation on the working satellites.

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology.

#### 78. The space environment

Description: Explanation on the space, the space environment, and the major hazards of the space environment

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment

#### 79. Hazards of spacecrafts

Description: Explanation on hazards of spacecrafts

Core Concepts: Space Science and Technology - Satellite Development: The space environment 