Environmental Science - Class XII Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

1. Environmental Science Textbook for Classes XII(2018), REC

Description: Environmental Science Textbook for Class XII encapsulates all the contents and acts as a reference resource.

Core Concepts: 

Link: Web page link on environmental science textbook and manuals

2. New Normal Curriculum Framework of Science. (2020). REC

Description: The IG is developed based on the NNC Framework of Science.

Core Concepts: 

Link: Science Curriculum Framework

3. Community Ecology

Description: Community Ecology definition, structure and scope.

Core Concepts: Chapter 1: Structures and Functions of Ecosystem, Earth Community Ecology.

Link: Web page link on community and ecology

4. Explore the Differences Between Major and Minor Community Using the Link Provided

Description: Notes on the difference between major and minor community.

Core Concepts: Earth Community Ecology.

Link: Web page link on earth community ecology

5. Types of Community

Description: Description of Types of Community.

Core Concepts: Earth Community Ecology.

Link: Web page link on textbook and manuals from REC website

6. Definition and Characteristics of Community Ecology

Description: Definition and Characteristics of Community Ecology mentioned in the article.

Core Concepts: Characteristics of Community.

Link: Web page link on community ecology: definition and characteristics of community ecology

7. Factors Affecting Community Structure.

Description: Factors influencing the structures of the community: a video lesson.

Core Concepts: Characteristics of Community.

Link: Video on factors affecting community structure

8. Principles of Ecology

Description: Community characteristics, types of biodiversity, diversity index, abundance, species richness, vertical and horizontal stratification.

Core Concepts: Characteristics of Community.

Link: PDF link on principles of ecology

9. Virtual Tour of Botanical Garden at Serbithang

Description: The video shows diverse characteristics of the community at Botanical Garden, Serbithang, Bhutan.

Core Concepts: Characteristics of Community.

Link: Video on virtual tour of the royal botanical garden serbithang, Bhutan

10. Ecosystem Services

Description: Discussion on the types of ecosystem services.

Core Concepts: Ecosystem Services.

Link: Web page link on ecosystem services

11. Ecosystem Services

Description: The video highlights on vitality and value of the ecosystem services.

Core Concepts: Ecosystem Services.

Link: Video on ecosystem services

12. How to Value and Account for Ecosystems

Description: This video shows the significance of the ecosystem and the ways to value and account for it.

Core Concepts: Valuing Ecosystem Services.

Link: Video on how to value and account for ecosystems

13. How to Save Our Planet

Description: Video showing how to create a future in which both people and nature can thrive.

Core Concepts: Valuing Ecosystem Services.

Link: Video on how to save our planet

14. Valuation of Ecosystem Services: Classes of Values

Description: Video showing the valuation of ecosystem services.

Core Concepts: Valuing Ecosystem Services.

Link: Video on valuation of ecosystem services

15. Ecological Succession

Description: Video shows the explanation on ecological succession with visual effects.

Core Concepts: Chapter 2: Balance in Nature, Ecological Succession.

Link: Video on ecological succession

16. Succession and Disturbance

Description: This video illustrates how natural and man-made habitat is disturbed.

Core Concepts: Ecological Succession.

Link: Video on succession and disturbance

17. Ecological Succession

Description: How do communities change over time? Primary and secondary ecological succession is discussed in this video.

Core Concepts: Causes of Ecological Succession.

Link: Video on ecological succession 

18. Ecological Succession: Change is Good

Description: The positive outcome of the ecological succession is shown in this video.

Core Concepts: Causes of Ecological Succession.

Link: Video on ecological succession

19. Stages of Primary Succession

Description: Stages of primary succession are illustrated in the video.

Core Concepts: Process of Ecological Succession.

Links: Video on stages of primary succession

20. 50 Years Ago, This Was a Wasteland. He Changed Everything | Short Film Showcase

Description: Visual evidence of how the wasteland turns into a flourishing ecosystem.

Core Concepts: Ecosystem Restoration.

Link: Video on 50 years ago, this was a wasteland. He changed everything

21. What is Ecological Restoration?

Description: The concept of ecological restoration is discussed in the video.

Core Concepts: Ecosystem Restoration.

Link: Video on ecological restoration

22. Ecological Footprint: Do we Fit on Our Planet?

Description: The video supports information on individual, national and global ecological footprint and how well we fit in our planet.

Core Concepts: Chapter 3: People and Environment, Measurement of Ecological Footprint.

Link: Video on ecological footprint

23. Ecological Footprint

Description: A stimulating activity for learners to calculate their own ecological footprint.

Core Concepts: Measurement of Ecological Footprint.

Link: Animation link on ecological footprint

24. How Big is Your Ecological Footprint?

Description: A stimulating activity for learners to calculate their own ecological footprint.

Core Concepts: Measurement of Ecological Footprint.

Link: Web page link on ecological footprint

25. Open Data Platform

Description: Global data to explore ecological footprint for any country in the world and their biocapacity.

Core Concepts: Measurement of Ecological Footprint.

Link: Web page link on open data platform

26. The Ecological Footprint Explained

Description: Definition, nature, scope, reduction of one’s own ecological footprint explained.

Core Concepts: Measurement of Ecological Footprint.

Link: Video on the ecological footprint explained

27. Reducing Our Carbon Footprint

Description: Reducing carbon footprint for economic growth is shown in this video.

Core Concepts: Ecological Footprint and Development.

Link: Video on reducing our carbon footprint

28. Sustainable Development: An Introduction

Description: Concept of sustainable development, how best practices in sustainable development involve participatory method, how equity, economy and environment are related are explained through the video.

Core Concepts: Ecological Footprint and Development.

Link: Video on sustainable development

29. The Carbon Footprint

Description: The concept, process and the threat of carbon footprint explained.

Core Concepts: Ecological Footprint and Development.

Link: Video on carbon footprint

30. The Best Way to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

Description: The video shows the ways to reduce carbon footprint.

Core Concepts: Ecological Footprint and Development.

Link: Video on reducing your carbon footprint

31. What is Sustainable Development and Why is it Important?

Description: The significance of sustainable development is explained in the video.

Core Concepts: Ecological Footprint and Development.

Link: Video on sustainable development

32. Cities Changing their Environment

Description: The importance of environmental sustainability being crucial to urban design is highlighted in this video.

Core Concepts: Urbanization, Industrialization and Environmental Changes

Links: Video on cities changing their environment

33. Environmental Concern Amidst Industrialization

Description: The article denotes the environmental concerns such as water pollution and utilization of waste amidst industrialization.

Core Concepts: Urbanization, Industrialization and Environmental Changes.

Link: Web page link on environmental concern amidst industrialization

34. Environmental Impacts of Industrial Developments in the North (MIKON)

Description: Illustration documentary on the environmental impacts of industrial development in North Mikon.

Core Concepts: Urbanization, Industrialization and Environmental Changes.

Link: Video on environmental impacts of industrial developments

35. Urban Threats

Description: The causes and impacts of urbanization is discussed in the video.

Core Concepts: Urbanization, Industrialization and Environmental Changes.

Link: Web page link on urbanization threats

36. Impacts of Land Degradation on Australia

Description: The video shows visual samples of the land degradation impacts on Australia.

Core Concepts: Chapter 4: Natural Resources Degradation, Land Degradation.

Link: Video on impacts of land degradation

37. Land Degradation

Description: The relationship between land use and climate change is explained in this video.

Core Concepts: Land Degradation.

Link: Video on land degradation

38. Land Degradation Neutrality. Why it matters, how it’s done

Description: This video explains how the concept of land degradation neutrality can help us reverse the trend of land degradation.

Core Concepts: Land Degradation.

Link: Video on and degradation neutrality. Why it matters, how it's done

39. Land Degradation

Description: This video shows causes, effects and examples of Land Degradation.

Core Concepts: Land Degradation.

Link: Video on land degradation

40. Land Degradation: Meaning, Causes and Prevention of Land Degradation

Description: This article encapsulates the meaning, causes and prevention of land degradation.

Core Concepts: Land Degradation.

Link: Web page link on land degradation

41. What Drives Land Degradation?

Description: This video emphasizes on the causes of land degradation.

Core Concepts: Land Degradation.

Link: Video on what drives land degradation?

42. Global Distribution of Earth’s Water Resources. Source

Description: The web link is the source for the figure 4.1 which shows the global distribution of Earth’s Water Resources.

Core Concepts: Water Resources.

Links: Web page link on global distribution of earth's water resources

43. Managing Natural Resources: Achieving More with Less

Description: Management of natural resources is shown in this video.

Core Concepts: Water Resources.

Link: Video on managing natural resources: achieving more with less

44. Why Managing Our Natural Resources Matters?

Description: In this brief clip, the International Resources Panel and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) answer the question: Why managing our natural resources matters?

Core Concepts: Water Resources

Link: Video on why natural resource use matters?

45. Air Quality Index (AQI)-What it Means For You

Description: The concept of AQI is discussed in reference to the AQI developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States.

Core Concepts: Chapter 5:Pollution, Air Pollution.

Link: Video on air quality index (AQI) - What it means for you

46. How we Measure air Quality

Description: The video helps discover what goes on inside EPA’s air monitoring stations and learn about some of the instruments inside the station, what they measure, and how they work in reference to EPA, Victoria.

Core Concepts: Air Pollution.

Link: Video on how we measure air quality

47. Explained: What is the Air Quality Index and How Does it Work?

Description: The video explains the Air Quality Index and its working.

Core Concepts: Air Pollution.

Link: Video on what is the air quality index and how does it work?

48. New Technology to Minimize Air Pollution Developed by Government Institute

Description: This video illustrates new technologies to minimize air pollution.

Core Concepts: Air Pollution.

Link: Video on new technology to minimize air pollution developed by government institute

49. Best Practices in Waste Reduction; Chapter 1 of 12

Description: This video shows you real options for recycling, reducing, or re-using solid waste products.

Core Concepts: Pollution Reduction.

Link: Video on best practices in waste reduction

50. How Sweden is Turning its Waste into Gold

Description: This video illustrates how Sweden turns waste into productive economic benefits.

Core Concepts: Pollution Reduction.

Link: Video on how Sweden is turning its waste into gold

51. Biological Pollution

Description: The video explains biological pollution and its effects.

Core Concepts: Biological Pollutants.

Link: Video on biological pollution

52. Image of Biological Pollutants

Description: Can get access to images of biological pollutants for the question.

Core Concepts: Biological Pollutants.

Link: Slide show link on indoor air quality

53. Let’s Discuss GMO Effects on the Environment: GMO Answers

Description: Discussion on how GMOs affect the environment.

Core Concepts: Biological Pollutants.

Link: Video on let’s discuss GMO effects on the environment

54. The Real Problem with GMO Food

Description: The problems on GMO food revealed by this video.

Core Concepts: Biological Pollutants.

Link: Video on the real problem with GMO food

55. Overview of Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability to Climate Change

Description: This video is an over view on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to Climate Change.

Core Concepts: Chapter 6: Climate Change, Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change

Link: PDF link on impact, adaptation, and vulnerability to climate change

56. United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change

Description: The framework of UNFCCC is given in this link.

Core Concepts: Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change.

Link: PDF link on United Nations framework convention on climate change

57. Phenology and Nature’s Shifting Rhythms-Regina Brinker

Description: This video elucidates phenology, how phenophases are observed and highlights the importance of phenology.

Core Concepts: Phenology and Climate change.

Link: Video on phenology and nature's shifting rhythms

58. Understanding Disasters, Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability

Description: Explains about the concept of disaster, hazards, risk and vulnerability.

Core Concepts: Chapter 7. Disaster Management.

Link: Video on understanding disasters, hazards, risk and vulnerability

59. This is What a Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Looks Like

Description: States about GLOFs: its' causes and impacts.

Core Concepts: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment Hazards and Disasters.

Link: Video on  glacial lake outburst flood

60. What are GLOFs

Description: Brief definition of GLOFs.

Core Concepts: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment Hazards and Disasters.

Link: Video on what are GLOFs

61. Environmental Science Textbook for Class XII (2018)

Description: Explains the impacts of GLOFs.

Core Concepts: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment Hazards and Disasters.

Link: Web page link on environmental science textbook for class xii

62. A GLOF Threatens Bhutan Right Now

Description: Contextualizes the threats due to GLOFs taking example from two dangerously receding lakes in Bhutan.

Core Concepts: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment Hazards and Disasters.

Link: Web page link on a GLOF threatens Bhutan right now

63. The Google Earth

Description: App to locate the lake's potential of causing the disaster.

Core Concepts: Disaster Risk Reduction, Environment Hazards and Disasters.

Link: Weblink on Google earth

64. A way to Measure Community Disaster Resilience

Description: This is a questionnaire with rating scales to measure the community community disaster resilience.

Core Concepts: Community Disaster Resilience.

Link: PDF link on torrens-resilience-institute-toolkit-and-scorecard-version-2.pdf

65. Deforestation and Biodiversity Quiz

Description: Self Quiz to Understand deforestation and disaster.

Core Concepts: Disaster Management.

Link: Web page link on deforestation and biodiversity quiz

66. Acts, Rules and Publications

Description: Can get access to Disaster Management's Acts Rules and Publications.

Core Concepts: Disaster Management Practices in Bhutan

Link: Web page link on acts, rules and regulations

67. Climate Change Fueling glaciers to Retreat at an Alarming Pace

Description: The BBS highlights the glacial lake melting due to climate change.

Core Concepts: Disaster Management Practices in Bhutan.

Link: Weblink to Bhutan broad casting service limited

68. 1994 Bhutan Glacial Lake Outbreak Flood (GLOF)

Description: Give sense of 1994 Bhutan Glacial Lake Outbreak Flood (GLOF).

Core Concepts: Disaster Management Practices in Bhutan.

Link: Video on 1994 Bhutan glacial lake outbreak flood (GLOF)

69. What is Biodiversity and Why is it Important?

Description: Emphasizes on the importance of biodiversity.

Core Concepts: Chapter 8. Biodiversity Conservation.

Link: Video on What is biodiversity and why is it important?

70. This Country isn’t Just Carbon Neutral- it’s Carbon Negative

Description: The talk takes Bhutan's extraordinary journey into environmental conservation through farsighted leadership of our monarchs.

Core Concepts: Benefits of Biodiversity conservation.

Link: Video on Bhutan's carbon negative status by Dasho Tshering Tobgay

71. Biodiversity

Description: Explains the concept of biodiversity.

Core Concepts: Benefits of Biodiversity conservation.

Link: Video on action now for life on earth

72. Natural History Museum

Description: Takes through various biodiversity exploration activities achieved in the Natural History Museum.

Core Concepts: Benefits of Biodiversity conservation.

Link: Web page link on natural history museum

73. National Biodiversity Portal

Description: Archive door to Bhutan's rich biodiversity.

Core Concepts: Benefits of Biodiversity conservation.

Link: Web page link on national biodiversity potral

74. WWF Bhutan

Description: Bhutan's World Wildlife Fund website

Core Concepts: Benefits of Biodiversity conservation.

Link: Web page link on WWF Bhutan

75. Royal Society for the Protection of Nature

Description: Royal Society for the Protection of Nature.

Core Concepts: Royal Society for the Protection of Nature website.

Link: Web page link on RSPN

76. Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation

Description: Bhutan Trust Fund for environment Conservation website.

Core Concepts: Royal Society for the Protection of Nature website.

Link: Web page link on Bhutan trust fund for environment conservation

77. Acts, Policies and Strategy

Description: Can get access to Bhutan's environment related policies and acts.

Core Concepts: Efforts to Manage Biodiversity.

Link: Web page link on national environment commission

78. The Biodiversity Act of Bhutan 2003

Description: Can get access to the Biodiversity Act of Bhutan 2003.

Core Concepts: Efforts to Manage Biodiversity.

Link: Web page unavailable

79. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Description: an get access to the present text of the Convention on Wetlands.

Core Concepts: Efforts to Manage Biodiversity.

Link: Web page link on ramsar convention on wetlands

80. The Convention on Biological Diversity

Description: Can get access to details of The Convention on Biological Diversity.

Core Concepts: Efforts to Manage Biodiversity.

Link: Web page link on convention on biological diversity

81. Biodiversity Management

Description: Overview and process of biodiversity management.

Core Concepts: Chapter 9. Biodiversity Management.

Link: PDF link on biodiversity management

82. People’s Perceptions of Elephant Conservation and the Human-Elephant Conflict in Aceh Jaya, Sumatra, Indonesia

Description: Research article on People’s perceptions of elephant conservation and the human-elephant conflict in Aceh Jaya, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Core Concepts: Biodiversity management measures to promote biodiversity management.

Link: Web page link on people’s perceptions of elephant conservation and the human-elephant conflict in Aceh Jaya, Sumatra, Indonesia

83. Biodiversity

Description: Free e-book on biodiversity.

Core Concepts: Challenges in Biodiversity Management.

Link: Web page link on free e-book biodiversity

84. Water Management

Description: Provides overview on water management.

Core Concepts: Chapter 10. Water and Land Management

Link: Web page link on water management

85. Water Resource Management

Description: Provides concepts on how to improve water security.

Core Concepts: Water and Land Management.

Link: Web page link on water resource management

86. Water Act of Bhutan 2011

Description: Details of Water Act of Bhutan 2011 document.

Core Concepts: Water and Land Management.

Link: PDF link on water act of Bhutan 2011

87. Water Quality Standards

Description: Details of Quality Standards 2018.

Core Concepts: Monitoring water quality.

Link: PDF link on water quality standards

88. Bhutan’s Land use Change From 2000-2013

Description: Research article on Bhutan’s land use change from 2000-2013.

Core Concepts: Land use land cover change (LULCC).

Link: Web page link on land use land cover changes in Bhutan: 2000-2013

89. QGIS

Description: Access link to QGIS.

Core Concepts: Land use land cover change (LULCC).

Link: Web page link on a free and open source geographic information system

90. Soil and Water Conservation

Description: Talks about soil and water conservation techniques.

Core Concepts: Land conservation practices in Bhutan.

Link: Video on soil and water conservation

91. Collect And Study Soil From At Least Two Different Sites

Description: Protocols for soil testing and comparing with two different sites.

Core Concepts: Soil Quality.

Link: Web page link on soil fertility

92. How we Measure Soil Quality

Description: Talks about protocols and techniques of soil quality measurement.

Core Concepts: Soil Quality.

Link: Video on how we measure soil quality

93. Tandfonline

Description: Webpage address to Tandfonline.

Core Concepts: Chapter 11. Energy Conservation.

Link: Video on energy sources,  recovery, utilization, and environmental effects

94. Elsevier

Description: Webpage address to Elsevier.

Core Concepts: Energy conservation alternative energy sources and devices.

Link: Web page link on elsevier

95. The Future of Energy

Description: Talks about the future prospects of energy.

Core Concepts: Energy conservation alternative energy sources and devices.

Link: Video on the future of energy

96. Green Technology

Description: Introduction and Importance of Green Technology.

Core Concepts: Green Technology.

Link: Video on green technology

97. Out World in Data

Description: Provides real time for comparison of energy used by various countries.

Core Concepts: Green Technology.

Link: Web page link on our world in data

98. Green economy

Description: Overview on green economy.

Core Concepts: Chapter 12. Environmental Management.

Link: Web page link on green economy

99. Bhutan, Gross National Happiness and Sustainable Development (fascinating

Description: Talks about the importance of mother nature in our daily lives.

Core Concepts: Environmental Management and Green Economy.

Link: Video on Bhutan, gross national happiness and sustainable development (fascinating!)

100. Environmental Tools and Techniques

Description: Learning material for environmental tools and techniques.

Core Concepts: Relationship-Development and Environment.

Link: Download PDF file on NEC publication

101. Economy and Environment

Description: This video explains the current link between the economy and our environment.

Core Concepts: Relationship-Development and Environment.

Link: Video on economy and the environment

102. Sustainable Development

Description: Access to Sustainable Development Goals: history, icons, and guidelines.

Core Concepts: Chapter 13. Sustainable Development.

Link: Web page link on department of economic and social affairs

103. SDG Indicators

Description: Can get access to resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017.

Core Concepts: Sustainable Development: the sustainable development goals.

Link: PDF link on resolutions adopted by the General Assembly, United Nations

104. Sustainable Development Goals and Gross National Happiness

Description: Discusses the commonalities between the SDGs and GNH.

Core Concepts: GNH and Sustainable Development.

Link: Web page link on sustainable development goals and gross national happiness

105. Bhutan Is On Track To Achieve The 17 UN Sustainable Development Goal

Description: Discusses on Bhutan’s success in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Core Concepts: GNH and Sustainable Development.

Link: Web page link on Bhutan is on track to achieve the 17 UN sustainable development goal

106. 12th Five Year Plan [2018 – 2023] Volume III : Local Government Plans, Suggested

Description: Can get access to Five Year Plan (2018-2023) for respective dzongkhags.

Core Concepts: GNH and Sustainable Development.

Link: Web page link on gross national happiness commission