History & Civics - Class IX Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

1. Reasons for the Departure of Zhabdrung to Bhutan

Description: This article is from the John A. Ardussi (pg. 65) titled ‘The 17th century background’ which highlights reasons for the departure of Zhabdrung to Bhutan. 

Core Concepts:  Process of unification in western Bhutan. 

Link: PDF on rapprochement between Bhutan and Tibet

2. The Unification of Sharcho Khorlo Tshibgyed as the Legacy of Zhabdrung

Description: It is a series of documentary on all Zhabdrung Zeynam presented by BBS 2 on YouTube. The Zhabdrung Zeynam III series presents the political prevalence and authority of Lam Kha Nga in western Bhutan. The series of video describes the unification of Sharcho Khorlo Tshibgyed as the the legacy of Zhabdrung.

Core Concepts:  Process of unification in western Bhutan and Sharchog Khorlo Tshibgyed as the legacy of Zhabdrung.

Link: Video on Zhabdrung's Zeynam 

3. An Information on Early Life and Enthronement of Second Druk Gyalpo

Description: It is a book authored by Dasho Karma Ura published in 2010 which gives an information on early life and enthronement of second Druk Gyalpo (pg. 45 – 47), Bhutan’s relation with India and international community during third Druk Gyalpo’s reign (pg. 72- 73) and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as the Father of Modern Bhutan (pg. 63- 68).

Core Concepts:  Early life of Jigme Wangchuck and enthronement of Prince Jigme Wangchuck as the second Druk Gyalpo, Bhutan’s relation with India and international community during the reign of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as the father of modern Bhutan .

Link: PDF on leadership of the wise Kings of Bhutan

4. Principles and Philosophies of the Constitution of Bhutan

Description: It is the principles and philosophies of the constitution of Bhutan interpreted by Lyonpo Sonam Tobgye which covers the topics as the following: The concept of parliament and three branches of the government (pg. 206-233), national assembly, national council and importance of monarch in the parliament (pg. 213-214, 226-237), passing of bill in the parliament (pg. 238-244), role of local government (pg. 373 – 390), and citizenship (pg.133- 135).

Core Concepts: Concept of parliament, executive and judiciary, national assembly, national council and importance of monarch in parliament of Bhutan, passing of a bill, role of the local government and citizenship.

Link: PDF on constitution of Bhutan, principles and philosophies 

5. Local Government Act of Bhutan  

Description: It is the local government act of Bhutan of 2009 describes the role of the local government. In this act it describes the structure of local government (pg. 1-4) and mentions the powers and functions of local government (pg. 11- 21). 

Core Concepts: Role of local government.

Link: PDF on local government act of Bhutan

6. Importance of Pema Lingpa and the Spiritual Impact of Peling Tradition

Description: It is a presentation made by Pawo Choyning Dorji in 2019 in mountain echoes in which he explains the importance of Pema Lingpa and the spiritual impact of Peling tradition on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Core Concepts: Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese, Pema Lingpa and the discovery of termas (treasures).

Link: Video on Bhutanese remembers a Bhutanese

7. Contribution and Importance of Pema Lingpa

Description: It is a video narrated by the Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse on the contribution and importance of Pema Lingpa. 

Core Concepts: Peling Tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Link: Video on 500th anniversary of Pema Lingpa

8. Yeshe Khorlo

Description: It is a website named ‘YESHE KHORLO international’ which gives information on the Peling tradition and its impact on the lives of Bhutanese. 

Core Concepts: Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Link: Webpage on linage of Pema Lingpa 

9. Teaching Peling Tradition and its Spiritual Impacts  

Description: It is an article contributed on Kuensel by Karma, Chairman of Pema Lingpa foundation on 21st February, 2021. The article is helpful in teaching Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese. 

Core Concepts: Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Link: Webpage on celebrating 500 years of Pema Lingpa’s history 

10. Celebrating 500 Years of Pema Lingpa

Description: It is a documentary made by BBS on celebrating 500 years of Pema Lingpa which is helpful in explaining Peling tradition and its impact on lives of the Bhutanese. 

Core Concepts: Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Link: Video on celebrating 500 years of Pema Lingpa's contribution 

11. Treasury of Lives Traces the Peling Lineages and its Relations

Description: It is a article written by Ariana Maki, titled The Treasury of Lives traces the Peling lineages and its relations. 

Core Concepts: Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese.

Link: Webpage on Pema Lingpa 

12. Pema Lingpa and his Treasure Revelations

Description: It is a video on the presentation of Pema Lingpa and his treasure revelations by Ani Dorji Wangmo in 2019. The presentation emphasis on the meaning of terma, treasurer, biography of Pema Lingpa and the narration on his treasure discovery. 

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa and the discovery of termas (treasures).

Link: Video on Pema Lingpa and his treasure revelation 

13. The Sacred Dance of Peling Ging Sum and its Significance

Description: It is a journal written by Khenpo Phuntsok Tashi, 2011 on the title ‘The sacred dance of Peling Ging Sum’ and its significance. 

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: PDF on sacred dance of peling ging sum 

14. Phag Cham

Description: It is a ‘Phag Cham’ mask dance video posted on the New York public library digital collections website. It reveals the Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Video on Phag Cham

15. Treasure Dance Introduced by Tertoen Pema Lingpa

Description: It is a Pema Lingpa’s Treasure mask dance video posted on YouTube by Raven Snow in 2013. It reveals the Treasure Dance introduced by Tertoen Pema Lingpa. 

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Video on Pema Lingpa treasure dance

16. Tamzhing Phala Choepa

Description: It is the video on the mask dance the events of Tamzhing Phala Choepa posted on YouTube by Urso Bruna in 2013. The mask dance traces back Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan. 

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Video on Tamshing phala choepa tsechu 

17. Types of Community and it’s Relation with National Community

Description: It includes different perspectives on the meaning of community and types of community and it’s relation with national community.

Core Concepts: Fundamental Rights and National Community.

Link: Webpage on how is local and national community different?  

18. Historiography of Ancient India

Description: It is a video on Ancient Historiography on YouTube uploaded by Weekend learning with Kumtsu. The video shows the perspective of Indian Historians from the Asian Historiography

Core Concepts: Greek and Roman Historiography, Characteristics of Greek and Roman Historiography and Roman and Greek methods used in the writings of history.

Link: Video on historiography of ancient India 

19. Rise of Mesopotamian Civilization

Description: It is a video on YouTube posted by ‘Kings and Generals’ in 2019 which shows the rise of Mesopotamian civilization. 

Core Concepts: The growth of cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

Link: Video on cradle of civilisation documentary 

20. Rise of Civilization and its other Features

Description: It is an article on the rise of Mesopotamia posted on History.com in 2019 on the rise the civilization and its other features. 

Core Concepts: The growth of cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

Link: Webpage on Mesopotamia

21. Tigris- Euphrates River System and its Climatic Impact on Mesopotamia

Description: It is an article posted in 2021 on the website Britannica which describes the physical features of Tigris- Euphrates river system and its climatic impact on Mesopotamia. 

Core Concepts: The growth of cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

Link: Webpage on Tigris-Euphrates river system 

22. Khan Academy and Rise of Mesopotamia Civilization

Description: It is an article posted on Khan Academy and it mentions the rise of Mesopotamia civilization.

Core Concepts: The growth of cities in ancient Mesopotamia.

Link: Webpage on ancient Mesopotamian civilisation 

23. Different Kinds of Invention and Innovations of Mesopotamian Civilisation

Description: It is an article posted on the website Ducksters in 2021 which states the different kinds of invention and innovations of Mesopotamian civilisation. 

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Webpage on ancient Mesopotamia science, inventions and technology  

24. Code of Hammurabi

Description: It is an articles posted on the History. Com in 2021 which gives the information on the Code of Hammurabi. The articles describes the origination of Code of Hammurabi, its features and examples . 

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Webpage on code of Hammurabi 

25. Myth and Religious Life of the Mesopotamian Civilisation

Description: It is an article written by Joshua J. Mark in 2011. The articles interprets the myth and religious life of the Mesopotamian civilisation.

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Webpage on Mesopotamian religion world history 

26. Mesopotamian Civilisation and their Daily Lives

Description: It is an article written ‘History on the Net’ in 2021 which describes the social classes of the Mesopotamian Civilisation and their daily lives.

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamia Civilisation.

Link: Webpage on daily Life of Mesopotamian  

27. Mesopotamia Daily Life in Sumer

Description: It is an article posted on the website ‘History’s Histories’ on the Mesopotamia Daily Life of the Sumer. The first paragraph of the article notes the daily lives of the ancient Sumer such as food, dresses, transportation and celebrations. 

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Webpage on Mesopotamia daily life in sumer 

28. Antiquity and Middle Ages

Description: It is a video on YouTube uploaded by ‘study of Antiquity and middle ages’ which narrates the religious life, social classes and their daily lives.

Core Concepts: Life in Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Video on daily life in ancient Mesopotamia  

29. The Fall of Sumer in Mesopotamia Civilisation

Description: It is a video uploaded on YouTube in 2020 by the ‘Fall of Civilisation’ which interprets the reasons for the fall of Sumer in Mesopotamia Civilisation. 

Core Concepts: Reasons for decline of Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Video on the fall of Sumerians

30. Different Reasons for the Fall of Mesopotamian Civilisation

Description: It is a video posted on YouTube by the ‘Lets Learn Together’ which explains the different reasons for the fall of Mesopotamian Civilisation. 

Core Concepts: Reasons for decline of Mesopotamian civilisation.

Link: Video on decline of Mesopotamian civilisation 

31. Thersites the Historians

Description: It is a video uploaded on the YouTube ‘Thersites the Historians’ which explain the origination, social hierarchy and the problems of feudalism.

Core Concepts: Concepts of renaissance, civic humanism and reformation, feudalism as a cause for the birth of renaissance and reformation. Impact of renaissance and reformation.

Link: Video on brief example on feudalism 

32. Age of Enlightenment

Description: Its a book where the explains the age of enlightenment and perspectives of different enlightenment thinkers that led to the birth of modern democracy (pg. 526 – 530). 

Core Concepts: Enlightenment as a source for the birth of modern democracy.

Link: PDF on age of enlightenment 

33. Different Human Races of the World with its Features 

Description: It is a video posted on the YouTube by ‘Gleema Initiative’ and it describes the different human races of the world with its features. 

Core Concepts: Concept of race and ethnicity.

Link: Video on human races of the world 

34. Major Races of the World and the Features of Each Races

Description: It is a video posted on YouTube in 2017 by the ‘Ang Kai Liang’ on the major races of the world and the features of each races. 

Core Concepts: Concept of race and ethnicity.

Link: Video on how many major races are there in the world 

35. Different Races of the World and the Descriptions of Different Human Races

Description: It is an article posted on ‘StuDocu’ in 2011 on the different races of the world and the descriptions of different human races. 

Core Concepts: Types of races, identity and its construct.

Link: Webpage on how many major races are there in the world 

36. Different Races and Ethnic Groups

Description: It is a video posted on the YouTube by ‘CrashCourse’ in 2017 which is on the different races and ethnic groups. 

Core Concepts: Types of races, identity and its construct.

Link: Video on race & ethnicity 

37. Four Major Races and the Differences Between Race and Ethnicity

Description: It is a video posted on YouTube by ‘Tanya Golash- Boza’ in 2018 on the four major races and the differences between race and ethnicity.

Core Concepts: Types of races, identity and its construct.

Link: Video on what is race,  ethnicity and is there a difference  

38. Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal and Pema Lingpa

Description: It is a Bhutan History developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019, which is relevant in information on Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal and Pema Lingpa. 

Core Concepts: Process of Unification in Western Bhutan, Tibetan attacks during Zhabdrung’s era, Sharchog Khorlo Tshibgyed as the legacy of Zhabdrung, Zhabdrung’s assertion of Bhutan as nation state, Peling Tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese, Pema Lingpa and the discovery of Termas (treasures), Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on a History of Bhutan, course book for class VII 

39. Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Description: It is a Bhutan History textbook of class VIII developed by Royal Education Council (REC) reprinted in 2019 which mentions about the Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck in chapter 7 and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck in chapter 8.

Core Concepts: Early life of Jigme Wangchuck and enthronement of Prince Jigme Wangchuck as the second Druk Gyalpo, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck as the consolidator, tax and administrative reforms of second Druk Gyalpo, early life of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Bhutan’s relation with India and international community during the reign of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as the father of modern Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on History of Bhutan, course book for class VIII 

40. Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal and Tertoen Pema Lingpa

Description: It is a Bhutan History textbook of class IX developed by Royal Education Council (REC) reprinted in 2019 which gives the information on Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in chapter 8 and Tertoen Pema Lingpa in chapter 7. 

Core Concepts: Process of unification in western Bhutan, Tibetan attacks during Zhabdrung’s era, Sharchog Khorlo Tshibgyed as the legacy of Zhabdrung, Zhabdrung’s assertion of Bhutan as nation state, Peling tradition and its spiritual impacts on the lives of the Bhutanese, Pema Lingpa and the discovery of Termas (treasures), Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on a History of Bhutan, course book for class IX 

41. Monarch Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck  

Description: It is the Bhutan History Textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019 that has the information on monarch Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck in chapter 3 and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck in chapter 4.

Core Concepts: Early life of Jigme Wangchuck and enthronement of Prince Jigme Wangchuck as the second Druk Gyalpo, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck as the consolidator, tax and administrative reforms of second Druk Gyalpo, Early life of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Bhutan’s relation with India and international community during the reign of Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as the father of modern Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on History of Bhutan, course book for class X 

42. Pema Lingpa’s Spiritual Dances

Description: It is a Bhutan History Textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019 which mentions the information on Pema Lingpa’s spiritual dances. 

Core Concepts: Pema Lingpa’s contribution to the spiritual dances of Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on History of Bhutan Supplementary Text, class XI  

43. Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Description: It is a Bhutan History Textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019, which mentions the information on Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck and Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. 

Core Concepts: Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck as the consolidator, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck as the father of modern Bhutan.

Link: Weblink on History of Bhutan Supplementary Text, class XII

44. Branches of the Government

Description: It is a Bhutan Civics textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019 which gives the concept on the branches of the government. 

Core Concepts: Concept of parliament, executive and judiciary.

Link: Weblink on Bhutan Civics, classes VII & VIII, course book 

45. Parliament, Judiciary and Local Government 

Description: It is a Bhutan Civics textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019 which highlight on parliament, judiciary and local government in the chapter 1,2, 3 and 4.

Core Concepts: Concept of Parliament, Executive and Judiciary, national assembly, national council, importance of monarch in the parliament, passing of a bill, and role of local government.

Link: Weblink on Bhutan Civics, classes IX & X, course book  

46. Parliament and Role of Monarch in Democratic Constitutional Monarchy

Description: It is a Bhutan Civics textbook developed by Royal Education Council reprinted in 2019, which highlight on the Parliament and role of monarch in democratic constitutional monarchy. 

Core Concepts: Concept of parliament, executive and judiciary, national assembly, national council and importance of monarch in the parliament.

Link: Weblink on Bhutan Civics, classes XI & XII, course book