1. The Origin of the Universe
Description: PDF material showing The Origin of the Universe with different models.
Core Concepts: Flat-Earth Cosmologies, Geocentric models, Heliocentric models, discovery of the galaxy, Big bang Theory, does the Big Bang explain everything?
2. Gaseous Hypothesis of Kant
Description: Video on Gaseous Hypothesis by Kant.
Core Concepts: Primordial matter, Nebula, Newton’s law of gravitation, Rotational motion.
Link: Video on gaseous hypothesis of Kant
Description: Writeup material on Gaseous Hypothesis by Kant - Shakti IAS Academy.
Core Concepts: Newton’s law of gravitation. Merits and demerits of Kant’s hypothesis.
3. Gaseous Mass Hypothesis
Description: PPT on Gaseous Mass Hypothesis by Immanuel Kant.
Core Concepts: Primordial matter, gravitational force, angular velocity.
4. Electromagnetic Theory
Description: Video on Electromagnetism- The Glue of the Universe.
Core Concepts: Protons, electrons, attractive forces, structure of matters.
5. Working Population
Description: Material on working population by economy watch 2010.
Core Concepts: What is the working population? Why is it relevant? How is it calculated? Employment, employment law.
Description: Writeup along with a video on Migration.
Core Concepts: International migration, forced migration, voluntary migration, emigration, immigration, social and environmental migration.
Link: Webpage on migration
Description: Video on Urbanisation, a panel discussion.
Core Concepts: Classification of urban centres: cities, metropolis, megapolis, Functions of urban centres, facilities in urban centres, and impact of urbanisation.
Link: Video on urbanization
Description: A writeup material on glacier with illustrations.
Core Concepts: Glacial period, how glaciers are formed, glacial features, threat to glaciers, third pole.
Link: Webpage on glacier
9. Agents of Gradation
Description: Video on agents of Gradation explaining the role played by glaciers as an agent of gradation and as well as the landforms.
Core Concepts: Rivers of ice, snowfield, continental glacier, valley or alpine glacier, landforms formed by glaciers.
10. Panel Discussion
Description: Video on the third pole- Asia’s frozen reservoir ( a panel discussion).
Core Concepts: Climate change, migration, natural resources, vast glacier network of Himalayan region, GLOF, water supply.
Link: Video on the third pole
11. Global Warming
Description: Video on facts, causes and effects of global warming.
Core Concepts: Global warming, causes, effects and consequences.
12. Fluvial Processes and Landforms
Description: Video on fluvial processes and related landforms.
Core Concepts: Fluvial processes, abrasion, attrition, erosion- downcutting, corrosion and saltation.
13. Cycle of Erosion by W.M. DAVIS
Description: A PPT material on cycle of erosion by WM Davis.
Core Concepts: Cycle of erosion, factors of erosion, endogenetic and exogenetic forces, cycle model of Davis, stages of river.
Link: PPT on cycle of erosion
Description: Video showing what is humidity?
Core Concepts: Water vapour, relative humidity, rate of evaporation, condensation, saturated water, dew point temperature.
Link: Video on humidity
15. Relative Humidity
Description: An animated video on relative humidity?
Core Concepts: Amount of water vapour, atmospheric pressure, condensation, saturation point.
16. Calculating Relative Humidity
Description: Video showing how to calculate relative humidity.
Core Concepts: Specific humidity, absolute humidity, relative humidity.
17. Types of Condensation
Description: Video showing different forms of condensation with explanation and examples.
Core Concepts: Frost, dew, fog, mist and clouds.
18. Types of Precipitation
Description: Video on precipitation with explanation.
Core Concepts: Snow, rain, freezing rain, sleet and hail.
19. The Koppen System
Description: Video on Koppen climate classification system with examples.
Core Concepts: Four main types: Type A. Type B, Type C, Type E.
20. Types of Rocks
Description: A writeup on types of rocks with examples.
Core Concepts: Sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks, rock cycle.
Link: Video on types of rocks
21. How to Identify Soil Types
Description: Video showing soil types with its properties.
Core Concepts: Soil types, identification, texture, colour.
Description: A writeup material on unemployment: a problem that will never go away by Kuensel.
Link: webpage on unemployment: a problem that will never go away
Description: A writeup on the unemployment issue by the Bhutanese.
Link: webpage on unemployment issues
Description: Write up material on unemployment rates around the world.
23. Fertility and Mortality
Description: Writeup material on fertility and mortality.
Core Concepts: Writeup material on fertility and mortality.
24. Bhutan DRP Overview
Description: Writeup on South Asia Network on dams, rivers and people (SANDRP).
Core Concepts: Third pole, hydro power sector, floods, GLOF.
25. Bhutan Banks on ‘White Gold’ Hydro Power
Description: Video showing the hydropower as ‘white gold’.
Core Concepts: Self sufficient country, protection of the environment.
26. Alternative Energy
Description: A writeup on alternative energy.
Core Concepts: Types of alternative energy, alternative and renewable energy.
27. Renewable Energy
Description: Writeup on renewable energy.
Core Concepts: Types of renewable energy, renewable energy worldwide, future of renewable energy.
28. Animation on how HEP Works
Description: Animated video on hydropower.
Core Concepts: Dams and runoff.
Description: Cartography images.
Core Concepts: History of cartography, map making.
Link: Webpage on cartography images
Description: Animated video on Cartography with writeup.
Core Concepts: History of cartography, map making.
Link: Webpage and video on what is cartography
Description: Video on Cartography.
Core Concepts: Map making, communication of geography phenomena, art, spatial component with art.
Link: Video on what is cartography
Description: Video on Cartography and Cartographer.
Core Concepts: Map making.
30. Surveying and Mapping Science
Description: Writeup on surveying and mapping science.
31. Plane Table Surveying
Description: Writeup on plane table surveying.
Core Concepts: Drawing board, alidade, spirit level, trough compass, tripod.
32. Global Positioning System
Description: Writeup on global positioning system.
Core Concepts: Segments of GPS, how it works, sources of errors.
33. Remote Sensing
Description: Introduction to remote sensing - a writeup.
Core Concepts: History of RS, foundations of RS, aerial photography, satellite sensor systems.
34. What is Remote Sensing and How is it Used?
Description: Video along with a writeup on what is remote sensing and how is it used.
Core Concepts: Environmental RS, satellite images, uses of RS.
35. What is GIS?
Description: Video on GIS.
Core Concepts: Types of GIS, vector and raster, uses of GIS.
Link: Video on what is GIS
36. How GPS Works?
Description: Animated video on how GPS works today.
Core Concepts: What is GPS, uses of GPS, basic parts.
37. Uses of GPS
Description: Video on the use of GPS in different activities.
Core Concepts: How it works, uses, advantages and disadvantages.
Link: Video on uses of GPS
Description: A writeup on the role of GPS in navigation.
Core Concepts: GPS elements, satellite in space, receivers, uses, navigation.
Link: Writeup on uses of GPS
38. GPS, Remote Sensing and GIS
Description: Video on GPS, RS and GIS.
Core Concepts: What are GPS, RS and GIS, how they work, uses, features.
39. What is Spatial Data?
Description: Writeup on spatial data.
Core Concepts: Vector, raster, attributes, geographic coordinate system, georeferencing and geocoding.
Link: Webpage on spatial data
40. Spatial vs Non Spatial
Description: A slide share on spatial versus non spatial.
Core Concepts: Spatial data, non spatial data, vector.
41. Difference Between Spatial and Non Spatial Data
Description: Writeup on the difference between spatial and non spatial data.
Core Concepts: Spatial data, non spatial data.
Link: Webpage on difference between spatial and non spatial data
42. The World’s Biomes
Description: Writeup on the world’s biomes.
Core Concepts: Classification of biomes, conservation and preservation of biomes.
43. Satellite Navigation-GPS
Description: Video on satellite navigation.
Core Concepts: Satellite navigation, accuracy, how it works.