History & Civics - Class VIII Resources

The following list of online resources are provided as a sample of curated resources. New resources shall be added as we come across interesting and relevant online materials.

1. Buddhism: Shamanistic Worship

Description:  It is a documentary on the shamanistic worship presented by College of Language and Cultural Studies, Royal University of Bhutan, with the financial support from UNESCO. The documentary describes about the nature, and shamanistic worship in one of the remote village of central Bhutan.

Core Concepts:  Shamanistic worship.

Link: Video on shamanistic worship in one of the remote village

Description:  Bhutan History and Citizenship Education (Draft), Class VIII, 2021, is an online reference book published by Royal Education Council. The draft reference book describe animistic and shamanistic Bon religious traditions and its nature and worships in Bhutan before the advent of Buddhism.

Core Concepts:  Shamanistic worship.

Link: PDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

2. Kyichu and Jampa Lhakhang.

Description:  It is an online article specifically on Jamba Lhakhang presented by Bhutan Cultural Atlas dated 12 August 2013. The article presents brief description, history, social cultural function, architectural style and art related works of Jampa Lhakhang.

Core Concepts:  Kyichu and Jampa Lhakhang.

Link:  Webpage on Jampa Lhakhang

3. Guru Rinpoche’s Visits in Bhutan.

Description:  It is an online reference book published by Royal Education Council. The reference book describes the Guru Rinpoche’s Arrival in Bhutan and the spread of Tantric Buddhism. The text explicitly describes Guru’s three visits to Bhutan focusing on the reasons, events and result.

Core Concepts:  Guru Rinpoche’s arrival in Bhutan.

Link: PDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

4. Characteristics of Bhutan as Baeyul

Description:  The Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education reference book published by Royal Education Council provides clear information about the core concept of Bhutan as ‘Baeyul. It presents the characteristics of Bhutan as Baeyul or hidden land blessed by Guru Rinpoche.

Core Concepts:  Characteristics of Bhutan as ‘Baeyul’ or hidden land blessed by Guru Rinpoche.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

5. The Divergent Socio-Religious Lives of the Bhutanese People

Description:  The draft textbook presents reasons for arrival of different Buddhist traditions in the country. It also describes the roles of traditions in shaping the divergent socio-religious lives of the Bhutanese people.

Core Concepts:  Reasons for the arrival of Kaygud, Nyingma, Sakya, and Gelug in Bhutan.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

6. Dzongs of Bhutan

Description:  It is a YouTube video on dzongs of Bhutan presented by South Asian monitor. The video presents the different images of various dzongs. However, video doesn’t have information and description on each dzong presented in the video.

Core Concepts:  Concept of dzong.

LinkVideo on dzongs of Bhutan

Description:  It is an online reference book published by Royal Education Council for the class VIII learners. This online reference presents concepts of dzongs and emergency of dzongs systems of pre and post Zhabdrung era.

Core Concepts:  Concept of dzong.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

7. Dzongs System in Bhutan

Description:  The online draft textbook for class VIII presents the emergence of the dzong systems in Bhutan. It describe the emergence of dzong system as the legacy of Zhabdrung and other religious leader to symbolise their rule and political dominance in the country. It signifies the integration of the disintegrated regions into a state of rule and order under a Drukpa ruler.

Core Concepts:  Dzong system in Bhutan.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

8. Role of Officials from Zhabdung’s Era

Description:  It is a draft history textbook for class VIII published by Royal Education Council. The reference book presents role of different officials in the administration of dzongs. The text provides information about the role of officials from Zhabdung’s era to till date.

Core Concepts:  Role of different officials in the administration of dzong.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

9. History of Bhutan by Karma Phuntsho (Dr.)

Description:  The History of Bhutan by Karma Phuntsho (Ph.D.) published in 2013 provides information on early life of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in Tibet. The reference book desrbires the prophecy of Zabdrung’s birth by referring to the excerpts from Kanjurs.

Core Concepts:  Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal’s early life.

LinkBook on History of Bhutan by Karma Phuntsho(Dr.)

10. The Important Figures and Patrons of Zhabdrung

Description:  It is a draft history textbook for class VIII published by Royal Education Council. The reference book presents Zhabdrungs’ departure to Bhutan. The text describes the important figures and patrons of Zhabdrung for their support to unify the country under Drukpa rule.

Core Concepts:  Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal’s arrival in Bhutan.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

11. Zhabdrung’s Departure from Tibet to Bhutan

Description: The History of Bhutan by Karma Phuntsho (Ph.D.) published in 2013. The reference book describes reasons that led to Zhabdrung’s departure from Tibet to Bhutan. It describes the disputes with Tsang Desi over the reincarnation of Kuenkhen Pema Karpo.

Description: The draft textbook for class VIII presents circumstances in Tibet that led to Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal’s departure from Tibet for Bhutan. It describes the conflicts over the reincarnation of Kuenkhen Pema Karpo between Zhabdrung and Tsang Desi.

Core Concepts:  Circumstances in Tibet that led to Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal’s departure from Tibet for Bhutan.

Links

12. The Fascinating Life of Lama Jangchub Tsondru

Description:  The Fascinating Life of Lama Changchub Tshongru (1817-1856) is an online researched journal authored by Francoise Pommaret. The well-researched journal presents lam Changchub Tsöngrü's Outstanding Personality and Life in Bhutan. The biography describes Lam Changchub’s extensive journey to different part of the country to disseminate teaching. It further describes the meeting of Jigme Namgyal with Lam Changchub at Tashi Peling, near Zangling in upper Chökhor.

Core Concepts:  Influence of Lam Jangchub Tsundru on Jigme Namgyel’s life.

LinkPDF on the fascinating life of lama Jangchub Tsondru

13. The Important Figures and Patrons of Zhabdrung

Description:  The Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, is the online reference book published by Royal Education Council in 2021. The text provides information about the parental background, birth, childhood and education of Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck.

Core Concepts:  Early life of Druk Gyalpo Ugyen Wangchuck.

LinkPDF on Bhutan History and Civics & Citizenship Education, class VIII (draft)

14. What are Political Party?

Description:  It is a documentary about the political parties presented by Reading Through History, the online learning platform on YouTube. The video provides a brief description of political parties, including their history, purpose, and functions. It describes the importance of political parties to form government.

Core Concepts:  Formation of government.

LinkVideo on what is political party?

15. Functions of Election

Description:  It is an online journal on functions of election on briannica.com. The journal presents concepts, types, functions of election and system of vote counting.

Core Concepts:  Election.

LinkWebpage on functions of election

16. The Bhutan Citizen Act, 1985

Description:  The Citizenship Act of 1985 is a government document enacted by National Assembly at its 62nd session. The act presents various pre-requisites and conditions about the citizenship of the country.

Core Concepts:  Domains of citizenship.

LinkPDF on the Bhutan Citizenship Act

17. Keep Bhutan Clean

Description:  It is a documentary on keep Bhutan clean produced by Lhomon education society with the financial support of Helvetas. The YouTube presents the important role of every citizen to face harsh reality such as waste issues, traffic, gangs, constructions etc.

Core Concepts:  Concept of good citizen.

LinkWebpage on keep Bhutan clean

18. Menchari Pilot Village

Description:  It is a documentary on Menchari Pilot Village presented by Samdrup Jongkar Initiative on YouTube. The video presents the collective efforts and meaningful engagements of youths from diverse background to make Menchari a model village. The video describes communal harmony, of sharing and loving, nutrition and sanitation, effective engagement, self-reliance, preservation of local knowledge, loyalty, and interdependence among others.

Core Concepts:  Importance of living with commonality and diversity.

LinkWebpage on Menchari pilot village

19. Definition, Characteristics and Examples of Totalitarian

Description:  It is an educational video presented by study.com. The video lesson presents characteristics and examples of totalitarian form of government. The video presents deeper understanding of totalitarian form of government with the help of animations.

Core Concepts:  Characteristics of totalitarian, authoritarian, communist, democratic forms of government.

LinkVideo on totalitarian

20. Democracy for kids

Description:  It is online reference on democracy for kids. It presents concepts and characteristics of democratic form of government.

Core Concepts:  Characteristics of totalitarian, authoritarian, communist, democratic forms of government.

LinkWebpage on democracy for kids

21. Authoritarian Government

Description:  It is YouTube video on authoritarian government. The video describes what an authoritarian government is and how it works.

Core Concepts:  Characteristics of totalitarian, authoritarian, communist, democratic forms of government.

LinkVideo on authoritarian government

22. Industrialization and Imperialism

Description:  It is educational video lesson on industrialization and imperialism presented by Khan Academy on YouTube. The presents about how the industrial revolution and capitalism helped catalyse far flung imperialism during 1800s in the world.

Core Concepts:  Imperialism and industrial revolution.

LinkVideo on industrialization and imperialism

23. Five Major World Religion-John Bellaimey

Description:  It is TED talk video titled the five major world religions presented by John Bellaimey in YouTube. The video describes the existential questions about the five major religion. The presenter explains the intertwined histories and cultures of Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam.

Core Concepts:  Different types of religion.

LinkVideo on five major world religion